Current Rules and Regulations
Aquilaria and Gyrinops, which are the main producer of gaharu have been important genera among forest tree species. Although, even not as protected species, all species from these two genera have been listed under Appendix II of CITES, for which the International trade of the products derived from these species are regulated under this convention (CITES). Domestic trade of gaharu is not specifically regulated except their transportation from one to another place which requires authorization from regional office of PHKA, namely office of Natural Resources Conservation (Balai Konservasi Sumberdaya Alam). The PHKA also act as CITES Management Authority of Indonesia. The harvest and export of gaharu under Appendix II CITES must be within annual quota which has been determined by both scientific and management authority of CITES.
Central and certain local governments have encouraged the planting of gaharu as potential source of income, especially for local community. However, in order to ensure the conservation of genetic resources of the species, the government also encourage growers and farmers to establish either in situ or ex situ conservation in their respective areas. Documentation of the origin of seeds/planting materials is also essential for further conservation activities. This is important primarily for improvement program, such as the selection of mother trees which produce high quality gaharu products.